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The Importance of Lighting in Poultry Production

July 14, 2023

In humans, light travels from the eyes to the brain. Light enters chickens' bodies through their eyes as well as their top of the skull, their pineal gland, and their pituitary gland near to their hypothalamus. Chickens have four varieties of cones, including red, blue, green, and an ultraviolet light cone, compared to our eyes' three types of cones, which are specialised photoreceptor cells that are responsible for how we perceive red, blue, and green light.

 

Similar to humans, chickens follow a regular cycle of day and night. Birds who have a regular cycle of day and night also have regular diurnal rhythms, or a schedule of normal daily activity. Because it regulates things like immunological function, development rate, and reproductive hormones, this normal cycle is crucial for birds. By introducing the day-and-night cycle, you can enhance the birds' well-being, immune system, mobility, and attentiveness.

 

Three parts of the spectrum—ultraviolet, visible, and infrared—each of which can have an impact on a bird's behavior—excite poultry biologists. On the electromagnetic spectrum, ultraviolet light is near the short end. Visible light has a wavelength between 400 and 700 nanometers (nm). The wavelength of infrared light, which is greater than 700 nm, is longer than that of visible light. Chickens have a vision range of 317–750 nm, whereas humans have a vision range of 400–750 nm. Furthermore, hens are able to detect higher peaks at wavelengths about 480 and 630 nm.

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